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Testicular Cancer: How To Do Self-Exam

Testicular cancer happens when a malignant cell develops in the tissues of one or both of your testicles. It can affect you at any age, but it is more common between ages 15 to 35 years old. You have two testicles, that are part of your male reproductive system. They are shaped like a walnut and is held together in a sac, called the scrotum. Your testicles store your sperm and make your male hormones called testosterone.

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If you are at high risk of developing testicular cancer, it is best that you do a monthly testicular self-exam. The best time to do this is after a warm bath or shower while standing and the scrotum is well relaxed. To do this, you can:

  1. Check each testicle by firmly rolling each testicle between the thumb and forefingers. Feel the firmness of the whole surface of your testis, as it should be the same all around. But it is normal that one of the testes is slightly larger or smaller than the other one.
  2. Find your epididymis and vas deferens, these are the soft tube-like structures above and behind your testicle. They are responsible for carrying your sperm.
  3. Look for lumps or swellings or bumps in your testicles.
  4. Checking yourself at least once a month is one of the best ways in catching the condition early.

Make sure that you pay attention to the symptoms of testicular cancer. If you notice any changes in your testicles make sure to have it checked immediately. It might not be cancer, but if it is, it can spread very quickly. It is important that you know how to catch the early signs of testicular cancer to start the treatment as early as possible.


Treatment for this condition will vary depending on several factors, such as health conditions, personal treatment preferences, and cancer type. Treatments can include:

  • Surgery – this is done to remove the cancerous testicle, as this is the most common treatment for testicular cancer.
  • Radiation therapy – this is done using high doses of X-rays to kill the cancer cells. This treatment is also used after the surgery to prevent cancer cells from returning.
  • Chemotherapy – this method uses drugs to kill the cancer cells. Depending on the type of cancer, chemotherapy is sometimes recommended instead of surgery.

Testicular cancer is not preventable, but it is curable. It could be fatal but if caught and treated early, the survival rate is high. The earlier you see and receive a prognosis, the higher your chances of being cancer-free.

Doral Health and Wellness – Urology Center offers the best urologists in Brooklyn.  We offer the most comprehensive approach towards wellness care and deliver the highest quality healthcare for the community. If you or your loved one is suffering from testicular cancer, you can visit us at 1797 Pitkin Avenue, Brooklyn, New York 11212 to book an appointment. You can also call us at 1-347-384-5690 or visit our website at to book an appointment online.

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